Exclusion and Internment - Manzanar and Minidoka

_TIM4098 - Manzanar Relocation Center Sign Bainbridge Islanders arrived at Manzanar as it was still being constructed, the living quarters long barracks designed to house four families in 20'x20' rooms. Eventually 10,000 people would reside within the square mile of camp. At the edge of the Sierra Nevadas, Manzanar was a dusty expanse of barracks surrounded by barbed wire and watch towers manned by soldiers and searchlights, pointing in. Almost all of the remaining inmates were from California, many accustomed to city life. The farm families from the Northwest found little in common with them, and by 1943 had successfully petitioned to transfer to Minidoka in southern Idaho, where the others from Washington and Oregon were incarcerated. To be near family members from California, five Island families chose to remain at Manzanar. Minidoka was similar to Manzanar: dusty and hot in the summer, muddy and cold in the winter.


SLIDESHOW A — A collection of artifacts from Manzanar
SLIDESHOW B — Images of Manzanar and Bainbridge Island residents
SLIDESHOW C — A collection of artifacts from Minidoka
SLIDESHOW D — Images of Bainbridge Islanders in Minidoka

Oral History Clip (OH0009 – Michi Noritake) 3:47 — Manzanar barracks, work, rec hall, picnics
Oral History Clip (OH0016 – Vic Takemoto) 6:47 — Manzanar arrival, food, winds
Oral History Clip (OH0022 – Kay Nakao) 3:22 — Manzanar first days, basic facilities, cleaning house
Oral History Clip (OH0024 – Iku Watanabe) 1:13 — Manzanar food
Oral History Clip (OH0028 – Tats Kojima) 3:28 — Minidoka freedom in camp
Oral History Clip (OH0037 – Yae Yoshihara) 3:04 — Manzanar first day, initial reactions
Oral History Clip (OH0038 – Yae Yoshihara) 2:13 — Manzanar becoming Christian, 7–Ups, Riot(Manzanar)
Oral History Clip (OH0039 – Yae Yoshihara) 4:44 — Manzanar/Minidoka Twin falls, nurse's aide, swim in canal
Oral History Clip (OH0044 – Frank Kitamoto) 3:51 — Manzanar Loyalty Questionnaire, camp conditions
Oral History Clip (OH0045 – Frank Kitamoto) 3:45 — Minidoka oil furnace, spit wads, smoking
Oral History Clip (OH0050 – Hisa Matsudaira) 2:40 — Minidoka playtime
Oral History Clip (OH0054 – Nobi Omoto) 2:03 — Manzanar poor conditions
Oral History Clip (OH0065 – Matsue Watanabe) 2:58 — Manzanar barracks and bathrooms
Oral History Clip (OH0066 – Matsue Watanabe) 1:34 — Manzanar school
Oral History Clip (OH0067 – Matsue Watanabe) 2:31 — Manzanar, Mother worked in kitchen
Oral History Clip (OH0071 – Sally Kitano) 2:52 — Manzanar Family life got distorted
Oral History Clip (OH0076 – Sally Kitano) 1:49 — Manzanar snakes
Oral History Clip (OH0077 – Sally Kitano) 1:34 — Manzanar Jello Party
Oral History Clip (OH0086 – Mary Woodward) 3:20 — Camp correspondents and column in the Review



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Photo Information:
Manzanar Relocation Center Sign — Wooden sign at entrance to the Manzanar War Relocation Center with a car at the gatehouse in the background. 1943. Copyright: Ansel Adams Collection

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